Hackers pose a significant threat to your online accounts by trying to gain access to your account in several ways, including “Password Cracking.” Password cracking involves several computational and non-conventional methods to bypass the password authentication step. However, not all password-cracking tools or techniques are used for negative purposes.
To protect yourself against password-cracking attacks, you must use password generation and management tools. These tools help encrypt your password with impenetrable ciphers and generate unbreakable passwords.
This article discusses the top 11 password-cracking methods hackers use to update you on how each works. Keep reading.
Top 11 password cracking techniques – Quick list
- Malware: Unsuspecting users can download malware revealing their online activities and passwords.
- Phishing: The hacker “phishes” for private information using a disguised email or ad, which, once interacted with, installs password-stealing software.
- Offline cracking: Hackers can take hashed passwords, save and attempt to decipher them offline, which is safer for them.
- Social engineering: This move heavily relies on the user’s day-to-day predictability and capitalizes on common errors they might make.
- Dictionary attack: This method involves cross-referencing your assumed password with others to find a correlation.
- Shoulder surfing: Another social engineering method that involves simply looking over the user’s shoulders as they enter their password, unbeknownst to them.
- Brute force attack: Involves throwing everything at the walls and hoping one sticks. The hacker will continuously try random passwords until it works.
- Spidering: Like a spider’s web, this method involves tracing the user’s interactions and gathering relevant information that might inform the password choice.
- Mask attack: It lessens the work of guessing. The hacker uses a tool that they feed in specific details they know about the password, which works.
- Rainbow table attack: Using previously cracked passwords, the hacker can form a “rainbow table” to better unearth user passwords.
- Guessing: This is the least advanced method of password cracking; all it takes is for the hacker to know just enough to guess the password.